The Kingsvine Assembly

Watchword :: 2019: Wonder To Many

Hypertension (part 1)

Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure. It is called the silent deadly illness, as it is not associated with symptoms at the beginning. It is often discovered during routine check-ups. In some people who do not visit their doctors regularly it is usually discovered when complication has set in.

What is Hypertension

Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure, which is a measurement of the force against the walls of the arterial blood vessels as the heart pumps blood through our body.

NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE

Normal blood pressure is when your blood pressure is lower than 120 / 80mmHg most of the time. It becomes high blood pressure when it reaches or exceeds 140/90 mm Hg most of the time.

HOW IS IT MEASURED

Measuring the blood pressure is a part of any routine test where two reading are usually taken. For example 120 over 80(written as 120/80mmHg). One or both of these numbers can be too high. The top number is called the systolic blood pressure, and the bottom number is called the diastolic blood pressure.

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Hypertension Mechanisms that Regulate BP

  • Sympathetic Nervous System
  • Vascular Endothelium
  • Renal System
  • Endocrine System
  • Hypertension Clinical Manifestation

    NIH/Joint Committee Definition:
    Diagnosis is made after multiple readings over several weeks

    Category Systolic Diastolic
    Optimal <110 and < 80
    Normal <120 and <85
    High Normal 130-139 or 85-89
    Stage 1 140-159 or 90-99
    Stage 2 160-179 or 100-109
    Stage 3 >=180 or >=110

    CAUSES OF HYPERTENSION

    Many factors can affect blood pressure and sometime the reasons for blood pressure may remain unknown. Factors that can affect the blood pressure include:

  • How much water and salt you have in your body
  • The condition of your Kidneys, nervures system, or blood vessels
  • The levels of different body hormones
  • As one gets older , one is likely to develop high blood pressure, this is because the blood vessels become stiffer as one age, this increase the chance of having a stroke, heart attach, heart failure, kidney disease, and early death.
  • Comments

    Chuks on August 16th, 2018 said:

    nice

    Leave a comment

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