Article written by Dr. Alabiand released on February 22nd, 2013 | Blog Post
Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure. It is called the silent deadly illness, as it is not associated with symptoms at the beginning. It is often discovered during routine check-ups. In some people who do not visit their doctors regularly it is usually discovered when complication has set in.
What is Hypertension
Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure, which is a measurement of the force against the walls of the arterial blood vessels as the heart pumps blood through our body.
NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE
Normal blood pressure is when your blood pressure is lower than 120 / 80mmHg most of the time. It becomes high blood pressure when it reaches or exceeds 140/90 mm Hg most of the time.
HOW IS IT MEASURED
Measuring the blood pressure is a part of any routine test where two reading are usually taken. For example 120 over 80(written as 120/80mmHg). One or both of these numbers can be too high. The top number is called the systolic blood pressure, and the bottom number is called the diastolic blood pressure.
Hypertension Mechanisms that Regulate BP
Sympathetic Nervous System
Hypertension Clinical Manifestation
NIH/Joint Committee Definition:
Diagnosis is made after multiple readings over several weeks
and < 80
CAUSES OF HYPERTENSION
Many factors can affect blood pressure and sometime the reasons for blood pressure may remain unknown. Factors that can affect the blood pressure include:
How much water and salt you have in your body
The condition of your Kidneys, nervures system, or blood vessels
The levels of different body hormones
As one gets older , one is likely to develop high blood pressure, this is because the blood vessels become stiffer as one age, this increase the chance of having a stroke, heart attach, heart failure, kidney disease, and early death.